How to Make It
Combine the lemon zest, lemon juice, and saffron. This blooms the saffron, releasing maximum color and flavor.
CREATE A TASTY BASE
Heat a large saucepan or Dutch oven over medium-high heat.
Add the olive oil. Swirl.
Add the fennel and onion. Cook for 5 minutes, stirring frequently.
Smash 2 cloves of garlic.
Add the smashed garlic, thyme, oregano, crushed red pepper, and salt. Stir half a minute.
Add the wine. Bring to a boil and stir for 2 minutes.
Add the passata and 1 cup water. Stir.
Bring to a steady simmer. Add the halibut, the clams, and the mussels. Cover and cook for 6 minutes, or until the shells begin to sneak open.
Turn the heat to as low as possible. Add the scallops. Cook for 5 minutes, and turn the heat off.
Add the bloomed saffron mixture, the crabmeat, and the parsley, and gently fold to combine. The crab will simply warm through.
TOAST AND SEASON THE BREAD
Cut 2 garlic cloves in half. On a grill pan or under a broiler, slightly char/toast the bread for 1 1/2 minutes, turning once. Rub the toast with the cut side of the garlic cloves.
Serve the Cioppino in shallow bowls with the charred bread. You'll need it to sop up all the tasty broth.
Step by Step: Scrubbing and Debearding Mussels
1) You'll need to scrub each mussel to remove any dirt or sand that got left behind on the shell. Use a stiff-bristled brush to give them a good cleaning.
2) Next, you'll have to debeard them. You're removing the byssal threads (the "beard"), which connect the mussel to rocks or pilings in the sea. Grab the fibers with your fingers, and pull them out, tugging toward the hinged point of the shell.
Cooking Light Mad Delicious