Process first 8 ingredients in a food processor until finely minced. Add ground turkey; blend by hand until mixture begins to form a ball. (This will keep the turkey from becoming too finely ground.) Cover and chill at least 4 hours or overnight.
Shape sausage into 20 (3 x 1/4") patties. Cook in several batches in a large nonstick skillet over medium-high heat 2 minutes per side or until lightly browned and a thermometer inserted into the thickest portion registers 160°. Keep warm until ready to serve.