Cook Broccolini in boiling water for 2 minutes or until crisp-tender. Drain and plunge Broccolini into ice water; drain. Squeeze dry. Cut into 1-inch pieces.
Combine 3 tablespoons green onions and the next 5 ingredients (through red pepper) in a bowl.
Heat a large, heavy skillet or wok over medium-high heat. Add 1 tablespoon oil to pan; swirl to coat. Add tempeh; stir-fry for 5 minutes or until golden brown on all sides. Remove tempeh from pan; keep warm. Add remaining 2 teaspoons oil to pan; swirl to coat. Add Broccolini and snow peas; stir-fry 2 minutes, stirring occasionally. Add tempeh and vinegar mixture to pan; bring to a boil. Divide rice evenly among 4 bowls; top with tempeh mixture. Sprinkle with remaining 3 tablespoons green onions and peanuts.
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