1 pound bell peppers, seeded, cut into 1/4-inch dice
1 pound yellow onions, cut into 1/4-inch dice
3 cups distilled white vinegar (5 percent acidity)
1 cup sugar
1 tablespoon mustard seed
1 tablespoon celery seed
How to Make It
Trim zucchini and halve lengthwise. Scrape out and discard seeds. Cut into 1/4-inch dice, toss with salt and set in a colander to drain for 1 hour.
Rinse and drain zucchini. Combine with remaining ingredients and 2 cups water in a large, heavy-bottom pot. Bring to a boil over medium heat. Reduce heat to low, then simmer until vegetables have softened and mixture has thickened slightly, about 10 minutes. If mixture begins to dry out, add up to 1 cup water.
Ladle into prepared half-pint canning jars, leaving 1/2 inch of headspace, and process for 10 minutes using the boiling-water method (see below).
Don't be intimidated: Getting the right seal to keep food fresh is as easy as boiling water.
STEP Put the rack in a large pot. Arrange empty jars, open side up, in a single layer. (Arrange a full layer, even if you are planning to use only a few, to keep jars from tipping over.) Add cold water to the pot until there is at least 2 inches of water above the jars' rims. Set the pot over high heat, cover it and bring water to a boil. Put lids, white side down, in a large bowl.
Step Prepare recipe as directed up until the ladling step (keep hot until ready to place in jars). Reduce heat under the pot so water is hot but not boiling.
Step Using canning tongs, remove a jar of hot water from the pot. Pour it over the lids in the bowl. Set the jar on a clean kitchen towel. Remove 2 more jars, pouring the water back into the pot, and set them on the towel.
Step Insert the funnel into the first jar. Carefully ladle the hot food into the funnel, keeping the headspace--the distance from the top of the mixture to the top of the jar--indicated in the recipe.
Step Swipe a bubble tool between the mixture and the inside of the jar to release any air bubbles, adding more of the mixture if necessary to achieve the proper headspace. Repeat with remaining food and jars.
Step Use a clean kitchen towel dipped in hot water to carefully clean the rim of each jar. Use soft-tipped tongs, a lid lifter or your fingers to retrieve a lid from the bowl and center it on the jar. Screw the ring on the jar with your fingertips, taking care to make it tight enough to stay centered but not so tight that you won't get a vacuum seal. Repeat until you have filled the jars.
Step Use canning tongs to lower filled jars into hot water. Be sure jars are covered by 2 inches of water. Cover the pot and return to a boil. Begin counting your processing time when the water is boiling. When the time is up, turn off heat, remove pot lid and allow the jars to rest for 5 minutes.
Step Using canning tongs, remove the jars to a towel-covered surface. Let rest for 24 hours. To test the seals, remove the rings and gently push up on the lids. If they stay in place, the food is safe to store for up to a year in a cool, dark place. If the lids don't stay put, refrigerate the jars and eat the contents soon.