Place almonds in a food processor; process until smooth (about 2 1/2 minutes), scraping sides of bowl once. Set aside.
Heat oil in a large nonstick skillet over medium-high heat. Add Anaheim chiles; sauté 1 minute or until softened. Add onion and garlic; sauté 4 minutes or until onion is lightly browned.
Remove 1 chipotle chile from can; cut chipotle chile in half. Add 1 chile half to onion mixture. Reserve remaining chiles and adobo sauce for another use. Add tomatoes and next 6 ingredients (tomatoes through broth); bring to a boil. Reduce heat; simmer 15 minutes, stirring occasionally.
Spoon mixture into food processor; process until smooth. Return mixture to pan; stir in almond butter and vinegar; cook 1 minute. Stir in turkey. Garnish with cilantro, if desired.