Cut each persimmon into 4 wedges; peel wedges, using fingers or a small paring knife. Cut each wedge into 4 wedges; set aside.
Combine brown sugar and yogurt in a small bowl; stir until well-blended. Spoon 1/4 cup of the yogurt mixture into each of 4 (8-ounce) dessert glasses; top with 4 persimmon wedges, 2 tablespoons raspberries, and 2 tablespoons granola. Repeat the layers, ending with granola. Serve the parfaits immediately.