1. Cut apples into 1/4-inch-thick rings, cutting from 1 side through the other.
2. Whisk together lemon juice and next 4 ingredients in a large bowl. Add kale and apples; toss to coat. Cover and chill 2 to 24 hours. Add Gouda cheese, and toss just before serving.
*1 Granny Smith apple may be substituted.