1. To prepare figs, combine first 5 ingredients in a small saucepan; bring to a boil. Place figs in a shallow dish; add hot syrup to dish. Cool fig mixture to room temperature; cover and refrigerate overnight.
2. Preheat oven to 325°.
3. To prepare granola, melt butter in a large nonstick skillet over medium heat; stir in sugar, and increase heat to medium-high. Cook 2 minutes or until sugar browns lightly. Add oats, nuts, pepper, and dash of salt; stir to coat. Cook 2 minutes, stirring frequently. Arrange oat mixture in a single layer on a baking sheet lined with parchment paper. Bake at 325° for 16 minutes or until toasted, stirring after 8 minutes. Cool completely.
4. Remove figs from liquid using a slotted spoon; discard liquid. Divide fig quarters evenly among 8 bowls; top each serving with 1/2 cup granola. Spoon 1 1/2 teaspoons mascarpone on each serving.