Heat olive oil in a Dutch oven over medium-high heat. Add onion and garlic, and sauté 5 minutes. Add chili powder and next 7 ingredients (chili powder through jalapeño), and cook 1 minute. Add water and next 5 ingredients (water through tomatoes), and cook over medium heat for 15 minutes. Ladle soup into bowls, and top each serving with cheese.
Note: This chili can be made ahead and frozen for up to 3 months. To freeze, let the chili cool completely in the refrigerator; place the chili in heavy-duty plastic bags, remove excess air, seal, and freeze. Thaw chili in the refrigerator. Cook over medium heat or in microwave until thoroughly heated.