Cook broccoli in boiling water for 3 minutes or until crisp-tender. Drain and rinse with cold water.
While broccoli cooks, heat oil in a large nonstick skillet over medium heat. Add garlic, and cook 5 minutes or until golden, stirring frequently. Remove garlic with a slotted spoon; drain on paper towels. Pour excess oil from pan into a small bowl. Add juice, dill, salt, and pepper; stir with a whisk.
Heat pan over medium-high heat. Add shrimp, and cook 3 minutes or until done, stirring frequently.
Combine broccoli, lemon mixture, shrimp, beans, and cheese, tossing gently to coat. Sprinkle with garlic. Garnish with dill sprigs, if desired.