To prepare dressing, combine first 10 ingredients in a jar; cover tightly, and shake vigorously.
To prepare the salad, cook the pasta according to package directions, omitting salt and fat. Drain and rinse under cold water. Combine pasta, bean sprouts, and the next 5 ingredients (bean sprouts through cilantro) in a large bowl. Pour dressing over salad; toss gently to coat. Let stand 30 minutes. Sprinkle with peanuts.