Heat oil in a large nonstick skillet. Add onion, and cook, stirring constantly, over medium heat until tender and golden, about 7 minutes. Add garlic, ginger, and curry powder; cook, stirring constantly, about 1 minute.
Add broth and next 3 ingredients. Bring to a boil. Cover, reduce heat, and cook, stirring once, about 15 minutes or until potato is tender.
Stir in shrimp and peas; cook, uncovered, about 4 minutes or until shrimp and peas are thoroughly heated. Stir in cilantro. Serve immediately in individual serving bowls.