Honey does have trace amounts of nutrients, but like ordinary sugar and high fructose corn syrup, it is mostly fructose and glucose. Honeys vary in their concentration of antioxidants and other health-promoting nutrients depending on the bees and plants from which they are made.
Teaspoon for teaspoon, honey and granulated sugar are similar in calories and carbohydrates: 21 calories and 4.5 grams carbohydrate per teaspoon for honey and 15 calories and 4 grams of carbohydrate for sugar. The glycemic index of honey also can vary greatly depending on its source.
Honey is sweeter tasting than table sugar, so if you use less, you consume fewer calories—and for most of us, consuming fewer calories is a step towards better health.